THC vs. CBD
As the legal use of marijuana continues to grow, more people are looking for ways to get high. Two of these are cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinols.
Both marijuana and hemp are derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. For legal use, the plant must contain less than 0.3% THC.
The psychoactive compound in marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol, is the main component that makes people high. It can be used as a smoking drug.
Both cannabidiol and THC have the same molecular structure. Slight variations in how the atoms are arranged can affect the effects of the two compounds on the body.
The interaction between cannabidiol and THC can affect the release of neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that can trigger various physiological processes in the brain.
Despite their similar structures, both cannabidiol and THC don't produce the same psychoactive effects. Instead, they can provide relief from anxiety and seizures.
Through its binding to the CB1 receptor, cannabidiol can reduce the effects of THC on people who use it for psychoactive purposes.
Through its binding to the CB1 receptor, cannabidiol can reduce the unwanted effects of THC.
Despite these advantages, cannabidiol is still considered a schedule I drug in the US.
Although the substances act has been removed from the list, the FDA and the DEA still classify cannabidiol as a schedule I controlled substance.
Despite this classification, 33 states have laws that allow medical use of marijuana with high levels of THC.
If you're in a state where medical marijuana is allowed, you might face legal penalties if you possess products that are illegal.
Both can provide relief from different medical conditions. However, unlike THC, cannabidiol doesn't cause the same high.
In 2018, the FDA approved Epidiolex, which is the first medication to contain cannabidiol. It's used to treat severe forms of epilepsy.
Although cannabidiol is well-tolerated, it can cause side effects due to its interaction with other drugs.
CBD is used to help with other various conditions, such as:
psychosis or mental disorders
inflammatory bowel disease
THC is used to help with the following:
CBD vs. THC: Side effects
CBD is well tolerated, even in large doses. ResearchTrusted Source suggests any side effects that occur with CBD use are likely the result of drug-to-drug interactions between CBD and other medications you may be taking.
THC causes temporary side effects, such as:
increased heart rate
slower reaction times
CBD’s side effects may include:
These side effects are part of the compound’s psychoactive properties.
Although it's not known if using high amounts of THC causes psychiatric disorders, it can cause long-term negative effects. This is especially true for adolescents who consume large amounts of THC, though there’s no conclusive evidence that using cannabis causes psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia.
Due to the properties of cannabidiol, it can be detected in some drug tests. However, not every test will be able to detect it.
Today, the average strain of marijuana in the US contains about 12 percent THC. However, cannabidol-derived oil can contain up to 0.3 percent of the psychoactive compound.
Non-FDA-authorized products containing cannabidiol are not considered safe to use and should not be labeled as such.